This document introduces students to basic statistical models using step-by-step examples. It takes a look at how we can go from having sample data to data of the population by using two methods: confidence intervals and hypothesis testing. Students are then given practical examples of how these methods can be used. They are taken through each problem step by step and learn how to solve them using Excel functions.
The examples cover cases like how to determine the optimal number of data in a sample and testing hypotheses for more than two means.