El Cliente y el Asesoramiento Financiero DF2-244
The technical note explains the concepts and differences between product and customer banking. It also explains the types of investors, mainly conservative, risky and very risky, to offer financial advice better suited to their needs. On the other hand, it uses the Life Cycle Theory of Franco Modigliani to segment customers according to their current needs. It wraps up by explaining the five types of services that banks can offer their customers depending on their type.Academic Area:Finance
Volatilidad y Pérdida Máxima de un Producto Financie … DF2-243
This technical note explains concepts such as market efficiency, that is central to understand how to measure risk. It also talks about arbitration and volatility, which is particularly useful for the estimation of maximum loss when investing in financial products.Academic Area:Finance
Análisis de riesgos para coberturas: tipos de cobert … DF2-240
Explains the analysis companies make when designing their risk management strategy. It also compares the individual’s vs. the company’s risks. The company’s objective is to be exposed as little as possible to financial, commodities and interest rates risks. This note also explains the linear and nonlinear risk management.
It finally explains the steps risk management advising through a practical case of risk management advising of a firm with high credit risk.Academic Area:Finance
Coberturas de tipos de interés DF2-241
This note explains the types of debt that create interest rate risk. It also presents the two main interest rate risk management tools: swaps and caps. It even goes into collars as the combination of caps and floors. The exotic risk management is also explained, as a way to mitigate interest rate risk. It finally explores the criteria used to design interest rate risk management strategies of several products.Academic Area:Finance
El Control de Gestión Estratégico: Planificación Est … CG2-131
Positive past results are less and less likely to produce positive results in the future. The success of a firm stands in its capacity to adapt to the environment at any given time and situation.
As a consequence, the role of management control has changed significantly and continues to do so. Faced with the, basically financial, management control of the 80s and 90s, it has evolved to become more strategic, and capable of answering to a firms current capacity to generate revenue. This will be achieved only if we measure and control the selected strategic path, and depends also on the capability to constantly reframe that path, through constant and adaptive strategic planning for every moment and situation.Academic Area:Cost Accounting & Management Control
Fondos de Inversión DF2-239
This technical note explains in full detail the investment funds. It also emphasizes that these are divided into complex and non-complex. It also goes into explanations around collective investment institutions, in charge of the management of the funds of its participants, and can be found as investment funds or societies.
It finally goes into details of several forms of investment funds and how they invest, as well as the ratios of profitability and risk that they use.Academic Area:Finance
Tipología básica de productos financieros DF2-236
This technical note explains the different types of financial products available. It then takes a deeper dive into the main types of financial products: assets such as properties, shares, bonds, loans, currency and merchandise; and derivatives such as forwards, options and swaps.
Due to the variety of financial products, they are classified between complex and non-complex products. It also considers the fact that these instruments are negotiated in organized and non-organized markets. Finally it explains the three types of market operators: speculative, hedges and arbitration.Academic Area:Finance
Liquidez en mercados financieros: derivados sobre me … DF2-237
This technical note starts with explanations and examples of the liquidity in financial markets, along with pros and cons. This helps further the understanding of derivative products. It goes as well into futures and options for goods, including buying and selling strategies and the risks involved. About futures, it delves into its main characteristics, liquidity and shows the potential consequences of a halt in the futures market. It also gives an overview of the concepts of contango and backwardation.Academic Area:Finance
Renta Fija Privada, Subordinada y Titulizaciones DF2-230
This Technical Note references all the financial instruments of private equity.
First, it illustrates the three main risks of these financial instruments: market risk, liquidity risk and credit risk. Additionally, it states which are the main products in the eyes of the Comisión Nacional Del Mercado de Valores (CNMV).
Then it how, within the liabilities structure of a firm, there frequently exists a difference between senior and subordinate debt, where the main characteristic of the latter is that, faced with an asset reduction, it suffers a decrease in value after the capital but before the senior debt.Academic Area:Finance