Heinz: Warren Buffett´s bid for the Ketchup giant DF1-225-I-M
In 2013, 3G and Berkshire Hathaway acquired the Heinz group in a multi-billion dollar deal. But how much did they pay? And how did Warren Buffett, one of the richest people on the planet, even know what was a reasonable amount to offer?
In this interactive case study, students assume the role of finance managers advising Mr. Buffett. Through video animations and Excel spreadsheets, they will need to make forecasts and ultimately predict a reasonable price for the acquisition of H. J. Heinz Company.Academic Area:Finance
Innovation at play: Gold certificate financing by Am … DF1-226-I
Mariam Fatima has recently joined Amana Bank as a member of the New Product Initiatives Division. Seeing the need for a Shariah-compliant pawn service (Qard Hasan) in Sri Lanka, Fatima presents this product gap to her team. During two years, she and her team develop a pawn service that complies with Islamic banking principles - finally offering lower-middle-class individuals the opportunity to borrow money more securely.Academic Area:Finance | Innovation
Jordan's Sovereign Sukuk: A dual solution to bo … DF1-221-I
The Sukuk sector is the fastest growing sector of the Islamic Finance Industry. Indeed, it grew by 14% within just one year (between 2014 and 2015). The total outstanding Sukuk globally stood at US$ 342 billion at the end of 2015. Sukuk has been widely embraced globally as Sovereign Sukuk has been issued by various countries such as UK, Malaysia, Hong-Kong and South Africa. Supranational entities such as World Bank affiliates International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFI), the Islamic Development Bank Group and even companies such as Dubai Islamic Bank, Goldman Sachs and Zorly Energy have all issued Sukuk.
The Jordan Sovereign Sukuk transaction was the pioneer Sovereign Sukuk issuance by the country. Jordan, which is one of ICD’s member countries, has been very active for the past couple of years in terms of Islamic Finance regulations and framework given that it has four Islamic banks in operation in Jordan and passed the Islamic Finance Sukuk Law in 2012.Academic Area:Finance | Innovation
Communicating intangibles during a process of change … DF1-219-I
At a time when public opinion of the financial sector was low at best, "la Caixa", a Catalonian bank founded in 1904, found itself in need of a transformation from a savings bank into a banking foundation. In order to communicate this transformation, "la Caixa" would need to convey that while the transformation would entail numerous changes in terms of its legal framework and corporate structure, it would still maintain the values and identity that identified it from its inception.Academic Area:Finance
QE Liquidity in search of profitability: the dilemma … EC1-135-I
This case seeks two purposes. First, illustrating the relevance of the economic environment for determining business profitability. Second, putting in practice students acquired macroeconomic analytical skills by using them to support a real life financial investment decision. The students are asked to endorse one of two options, US or Brazil, for the launching of a new investment fund by FTInvest, a financial investment company. The recommendation is made by students acting as members of the Economic Research Department of the company. Therefore, it should be based on the country identified by them as providing the most favorable economic environment for the profitability of the investment in the medium/long run. The decision takes place in the second half of 2011, at a time when the US economy showed a hesitant recovery after the Great Global Recession of 2008 and when the Brazilian economy was booming after a very short blip. It was also at a time when, due to ultra-loose US monetary policy, interest rates and yields were at historical lows in the US while they were relatively high in Brazil.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs | Finance
Tradition-based innovation for strategic Change in B … DF1-216-I
In 1993 Bank Muscat was among the smallest banks in the Sultanate of Oman but over the last decade has grown to be the largest with a 40% market share in 2013. This increase in terms of market relevance has been driven by both organic growth and external factors. In 2014 Franco Álvarez a foreign consultant is trying to help Bank Muscat build a comprehensive innovation model. His first step is focused on understanding the current state of innovation within the bank. The ´Ibda (Innovation) competition organized by the bank offers him a first glance of how internal innovation could be fostered in the bank.
The case provides insight into the innovation process in the Middle Eastern financial sector, focusing on Bank Muscat in Oman. It describes how an international consultant tries to help create an innovative model for the bank by asking top management questions and delving into the bank’s strategy. Through the questions he asks, readers learn about the history of the bank, the business culture and banking industry in Oman and Islamic banking. They also hear about an Ibda competition that ends up being a big inspiration for innovation at the bank.Academic Area:Finance | Innovation
THE COST OF CAPITAL DF2-141-I
This material focuses on determining the rate of return that will satisfy shareholders’ expectations and how to achieve it. It explains how to find the discount rate that represents the cost of the resources that will finance future investments and how to figure out the cost, or the WACC, by weighting the cost of debt and equity as a function of their relative importance in the company’s capital structure. In addition, it covers how to calculate the cost of debt based on the Gordon-Shapiro share pricing model and based on Sharpe’s asset valuation model using real-life examples and historical data. The case stresses that the manager must know how to add value to the investment; shareholders are entrusting the manager with their investment and expecting a higher rate of return than they could get without him. It wraps up by including an FAQ on WACC.Academic Area:Finance
RATING AGENCIES PROCESS: HOW TO DEAL WITH THIS NECES … DF2-223-I
Undoubtedly, obtaining a credit rating is one of the paramount decisions for any company to make during its entire existence as a going concern. From that moment on, not only will its corporate status be deeply modified bringing about a number of new additional requirements to comply with. Its overall relationships with its stakeholders will no longer be the same. Even the potential decision to turn back to the prior situation by relinquishing its rating and becoming unrated again, which is perfectly possible, will have meaningful implications going forward.
This technical note is addressed to those enrolled in the Global Masters in Finance (GMIF) programs, particularly in connection with the “Introduction to the Capital Markets” subject. This paper also directly relates to all other subjects covering corporate finance and financing issues in the same program, as well as to the MBA programs and specialized finance courses.Academic Area:Finance
Supermercados Isleños, S.A. DF1-217-I
In a rainy day of February, Antonio Gómez, General Manager and shareholder of Supermercados Isleños, S.A. (SISA) was trying to organize his ideas, develop arguments and draw conclusions to be able to defend his new and ambitious strategy for the company at the next meeting of the Board of Directors. While he stared at the rain beating down against his windowpane he tried to concentrate on the facts.... This case study describes, from the point of view of the General Manager, the alternatives SISA is facing in order to ensure its survival.Academic Area:Finance