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  1. Heinz: Warren Buffett´s bid for the Ketchup giant DF1-225-I-M

    In 2013, 3G and Berkshire Hathaway acquired the Heinz group in a multi-billion dollar deal. But how much did they pay? And how did Warren Buffett, one of the richest people on the planet, even know what was a reasonable amount to offer?

    In this interactive case study, students assume the role of finance managers advising Mr. Buffett. Through video animations and Excel spreadsheets, they will need to make forecasts and ultimately predict a reasonable price for the acquisition of H. J. Heinz Company.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  2. Innovation at play: Gold certificate financing by Am … DF1-226-I

    Mariam Fatima has recently joined Amana Bank as a member of the New Product Initiatives Division. Seeing the need for a Shariah-compliant pawn service (Qard Hasan) in Sri Lanka, Fatima presents this product gap to her team. During two years, she and her team develop a pawn service that complies with Islamic banking principles - finally offering lower-middle-class individuals the opportunity to borrow money more securely.

    Academic Area:
    Finance | Innovation
  3. Jordan's Sovereign Sukuk: A dual solution to bo … DF1-221-I

    The Sukuk sector is the fastest growing sector of the Islamic Finance Industry. Indeed, it grew by 14% within just one year (between 2014 and 2015). The total outstanding Sukuk globally stood at US$ 342 billion at the end of 2015. Sukuk has been widely embraced globally as Sovereign Sukuk has been issued by various countries such as UK, Malaysia, Hong-Kong and South Africa. Supranational entities such as World Bank affiliates International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFI), the Islamic Development Bank Group and even companies such as Dubai Islamic Bank, Goldman Sachs and Zorly Energy have all issued Sukuk.

    The Jordan Sovereign Sukuk transaction was the pioneer Sovereign Sukuk issuance by the country. Jordan, which is one of ICD’s member countries, has been very active for the past couple of years in terms of Islamic Finance regulations and framework given that it has four Islamic banks in operation in Jordan and passed the Islamic Finance Sukuk Law in 2012.

    Academic Area:
    Finance | Innovation
  4. The Oil Sector: The importance of inventory ratios CF1-126-A-I

    Theresa has been hired for her first job as a junior equity research analyst in an investment bank. The first assignment that her boss gives her is to help with the coverage of the oil sector. She uses a Top-down approach in the sector analysis looking at macro, sector and then company specific issues. Theresa has to decide which will be the best company to include in the model portfolio from a selection of European and American companies. To make this decision, Theresa needs to compare the financial ratios of the different companies, paying special attention to inventory ratios, which are key to the sector. Furthermore, the oil sector recently experienced an unexpected and sharp fall in the Brent price that is impacting the financial reports of the companies and their stock prices. During a coffee break, she saw a senior analyst named Bruno. They talked about her report and he warned her to check that the ratios are comparable. The case ends with Theresa recalculating her numbers and being surprised by the results.

    This case is intended for undergraduates. The case "Valuation & Accounting: You can't have one without the other" is similar, but intended for master degrees, if that is your target.

    Academic Area:
    Financial Accounting | Cost Accounting & Management Control
  5. Valuation & Accounting: You can't have one … CF1-126-B-I

    Theresa has been hired for her first job as a junior equity research analyst in an investment bank. The first assignment that her boss gives her is to help with the coverage of the oil sector. She uses a Top-down approach in the sector analysis looking at macro, sector and then company specific issues. Theresa has to decide which will be the best company to include in the model portfolio from a selection of European and American companies. To make this decision, Theresa needs to compare the financial ratios of the different companies, paying special attention to inventory ratios, which are key to the sector. Furthermore, the oil sector recently experienced an unexpected and sharp fall in the Brent price that is impacting the financial reports of the companies and their stock prices. During a coffee break, she saw a senior analyst named Bruno. They talked about her report and he warned her to check that the ratios are comparable. The case ends with Theresa recalculating her numbers and being surprised by the results.

    This case is intended for master level degrees. The case "The Oil Sector: The importance of inventory ratios" is similar, but intended for undergraduates, if that's your target.

    Academic Area:
    Financial Accounting | Cost Accounting & Management Control
  6. Communicating intangibles during a process of change … DF1-219-I

    At a time when public opinion of the financial sector was low at best, "la Caixa", a Catalonian bank founded in 1904, found itself in need of a transformation from a savings bank into a banking foundation. In order to communicate this transformation, "la Caixa" would need to convey that while the transformation would entail numerous changes in terms of its legal framework and corporate structure, it would still maintain the values and identity that identified it from its inception.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  7. The Terminus Hotel (B) CG1-130-B-I

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This part B analyzes a particular situation related to a couple of tour operators that propose to the hotel a regular booking of rooms per day, however at a discounted cost. This possibility was refused because of a recommendation of the accounting department, together with a later proposal with similar terms, though with a lesser discount. This short case offers information on fixed and variable costs and more information to analyze why management took this position so that the student can analyze it to agree or disagree on it.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  8. The Terminus Hotel (A) CG1-130-A-I

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This case presents the opportunity to do a profitability analysis of Hotel Terminus, which after a general renovation has once again opened its doors to guests. This analysis is motivated by poor results, that even though they were planned to be in red numbers, the losses are larger than expected. The hotel offers three distinct services: accommodation, restaurant and entertainment (flamenco).

    For the writing of this case, several bits of data have been modified to protect the identity of the company.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  9. QE Liquidity in search of profitability: the dilemma … EC1-135-I

    This case seeks two purposes. First, illustrating the relevance of the economic environment for determining business profitability. Second, putting in practice students acquired macroeconomic analytical skills by using them to support a real life financial investment decision. The students are asked to endorse one of two options, US or Brazil, for the launching of a new investment fund by FTInvest, a financial investment company. The recommendation is made by students acting as members of the Economic Research Department of the company. Therefore, it should be based on the country identified by them as providing the most favorable economic environment for the profitability of the investment in the medium/long run. The decision takes place in the second half of 2011, at a time when the US economy showed a hesitant recovery after the Great Global Recession of 2008 and when the Brazilian economy was booming after a very short blip. It was also at a time when, due to ultra-loose US monetary policy, interest rates and yields were at historical lows in the US while they were relatively high in Brazil.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment | Finance
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