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  1. XSTRATA AND AUSTRALIAN MINING TAX REFORM (A) DE1-202-A-I

    In 2010, the Australian Government announced a proposed overhaul of the taxation regime governing its large mining sector. The announcement came at a time when Australia’s mining industry was booming but concerns were also growing about how to distribute the gains of the mining boom between mining companies and the Australian people, and how to harness the success in the mining sector to promote long term sustainable economic growth across Australia. It was partly to address these concerns, as well as to improve the efficiency of the way in which mining was taxed, that the tax reform proposal was developed. At the heart of the proposal was a shift from a volume based royalty system of taxation to a system based on mining companies’ profits.

    Focusing on Xstrata, the largest foreign mining company operating in Australia, the case charts how the mining industry acted collectively to conduct a wide-ranging and aggressive public and private lobbying campaign against the tax. Central to this campaign was the use of traditional and new media – newspapers, radio, television, internet, and social networking sites – to try and turn public opinion against the tax. This campaign successfully sowed doubts into the minds of many and attracted support from the political opposition, and other business groups outside of the mining sector

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Strategy
  2. XSTRATA AND AUSTRALIAN MINING TAX REFORM (B) DE1-202-B-I

    In 2010, the Australian Government announced a proposed overhaul of the taxation regime governing its large mining sector. The announcement came at a time when Australia’s mining industry was booming but concerns were also growing about how to distribute the gains of the mining boom between mining companies and the Australian people, and how to harness the success in the mining sector to promote long term sustainable economic growth across Australia. It was partly to address these concerns, as well as to improve the efficiency of the way in which mining was taxed, that the tax reform proposal was developed. At the heart of the proposal was a shift from a volume based royalty system of taxation to a system based on mining companies’ profits.

    Focusing on Xstrata, the largest foreign mining company operating in Australia, the case charts how the mining industry acted collectively to conduct a wide-ranging and aggressive public and private lobbying campaign against the tax. Central to this campaign was the use of traditional and new media – newspapers, radio, television, internet, and social networking sites – to try and turn public opinion against the tax. This campaign successfully sowed doubts into the minds of many and attracted support from the political opposition, and other business groups outside of the mining sector

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Strategy
  3. DETERMINING THE OPTIMAL CAPITAL STRUCTURE FOR A FIRM DF2-220-I

    The aim of this technical note is to provide the tools necessary to determine a firm’s optimal capital structure so that the financing function of the company contributes to creating value for shareholders. Finally, it summarizes the factors that should guide finance directors during the transition from their current financial structure to an optimal one.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  4. Rare earth elements: China´s monopoly and the global … DE1-199-I

    REEs (Rare Earth Metals), a group of 17 elements on the periodic table, are a resource whose use is particularly popular in the components and production of the Toyota Prius. Demand of REEs has been increasing over the last fifty years, and is projected to continue growing well into the future. While deposits of the most commonly used REEs are found in in various corners of the world, China has an advantage in that it has 48% of the world’s known reserves. And its global monopoly of 97% of REE mining, as well as its decreasing exports, is creating worry that China will not be able to keep up with demand in coming years. This case will help students understand the world’s REE market and how its availability can affect industries with technologies using them.  

    Academic Area:
    Strategy
  5. Current Topics in Economic Policy EC2-112-I

    This note provides an exhaustive review of economic policy and is broken into six parts that explain historical, conceptual and economic policy elements necessary for understanding the current state of the global economy. It begins by covering a historical review of world policy and goes into detail about how the economy of various countries has developed, especially after the Second World War. The second part covers fiscal policy and focuses on aspects of public sector activity such as taxation, budget and deficit financing as well as recessions, how they affect different classes and how social suffering is distributed through fiscal and macroeconomic adjustments. The third part discusses how money affects economic activity and employment and the effects of expanding the money supply using historical examples. The next part provides details on the policies and events around the world leading to the Great Recession. Then, the economy of Latin America and its recessions are discussed, with a special focus on Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico and Chile. Lastly, the text goes into exchange rate policy and describes different regimes and how the regime is selected for different countries.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment & Public Affairs
  6. The Logistics of the Roman Grain Trade: Details and … AH1-002-I

    Goes over the logistics of the Roman grain trade in a language that is accessible to the non-specialist. It explains how grain was transported across the Roman Empire and covers the challenges of doing this. It also explains who the key people were who played a role in the grain trade and how it was financed. It is intended to uncover many of the managerial difficulties implied in such a task back then and what it means for management nowadays.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Economic Environment & Public Affairs | Operations & Supply Chain Management | Others
  7. Collision course: ETS and the global airline industr … DE1-197-I

    This case introduces students to the complex drama of international climate policy negotiations. In 2008, the EU decided to include the aviation industry in its emissions trading system (ETS), beginning in 2012. The policy puts China, the US and the EU on a collision course that could end in a trade war. The policy can be seen as a clever and/or heavy-handed way of negotiating climate change policies with countries outside of the EU, notably the United States and China. Furthermore, it has indirect effects on a variety of related and supporting industries, including airline manufacturers. In both cases, firms are caught in a complex intergovernmental bargaining game in which they have to make a series of strategic choices about shaping and responding to potential outcomes.

    The goal of the case is to teach students to break down and analyze complex situations involving business, government and society. They should be able to understand the causes of this policy, the relationship between firms and governments in different contexts and the consequences of this particular policy for airlines as well as related and supporting industries. Students should also be able to develop plans for firms involved in the dispute, including market and non-market responses to block or adjust to the policy. The case gives students the chance to practice lobbying and exposes them to strategic interaction at multiple levels. Because the bargaining between governments resembles a game of chicken, instructors may choose to use game theoretic terms and logic.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy
  8. LVMH & Bulgari, Luxury time (B) DE1-189-B-I

    Case study about the acquisition of Bulgari by LVMH. The case explores the high-end watch industry and describes the challenge that LVMH faces in such industry. The case is designed to stimulate a discussion about corporate strategy and the challenges that a company faces when competing in several industries.

    This acquisition presents several challenges, such as whether it is worth the premium paid for Bulgari, whether Bulgari has the capability to compete in this sector and, particularly, how Bulgari complements LVMH's corporate strategy aimed at improving its position in its watch division.

    The Case (B) provides additional information about the LVMH group's recent decisions, providing a discussion of the reasons for a takeover in an industry where it wants to strengthen its position and provides the instructor with a tool to examine the difference between competitive strategy and corporate strategy.

    Accordingly, this case is ideally intended for Executive Education strategy courses. Alternatively, it could be a good case for MBA-level strategy courses, to discuss the concept of corporate strategy and its implications.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy
  9. LVMH & Bulgari, Luxury time (A) DE1-189-A-I

    The case study is about the acquisition of Bulgari by LVMH. It explores the high-end watch industry and describes the challenge that LVMH faces in it.

    This acquisition presents several challenges such as whether it is worth the premium paid for Bulgari, whether Bulgari has the capability to compete in this sector, particularly, how Bulgari complements LVMH's corporate strategy aimed at improving its position in its watch division.

    The case (A) is designed to stimulate debate on the concept of corporate strategy and offers an excellent opportunity to explore the complexity that the LVMH group can face when entering the industry of top-range watches.

    This case study is ideally intended for Executive Education strategy courses. Alternatively, it could be a good case for MBA-level strategy courses, to discuss the concept of corporate strategy and its implications

    Academic Area:
    Strategy
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