La cadena de Valor de2-113
This technical note explores the different models for capturing and explaining the flow of operations in a value chain: the McKinsey model, Michael Porter’s value chain, the value system and the services sector value chain. It presents the argument of how a value chain tool helps to perform an essential, systematic and rigorous analysis of a company’s activities to better understand the costs and potential sources of differentiation. Such analysis can help a company better understand how to enhance its competitive advantage.
This would be useful in a class devoted to operations, supply chain management or strategy.Academic Area:Strategy
Management control and national culture in Spain: A … CG2-026-i
The social, political and economic evolution of Spain in the last decades has favored a fast process of adoption of MAS (Management Accounting Systems). However, this evolution has pushed it through a number of condensed growth phases for which other Western countries had considerable more time available.
Particularly, two different periods can be considered as relevant to understand the increasing importance of MAS. Firstly, the period from 1939-1975 and secondly, the period from 1975-1995. Up until the mid-1970s a sheltered economy and a dictatorship made MAS not relevant for management purposes in Spanish organizations. Instead of this, a strong social control combined with non-formal organizational mechanisms of control prevailed. However, in the last two decades, as a result of a decreasing profitability and the weakening of the previous coercive mechanisms of social control, MAS have been increasing their importance in a large number of Spanish organizations. The improvement of economic conditions during the period 1985-90, the entry of foreign multinationals and the profound social changes have helped to institutionalize MAS.
Based on a previous essay (Amat, 1992) which is further developed, this article explores the interactions between MAS and their organizational and social context in Spanish firms through the description and analysis of three companies. Since the analysis suggested in this technical note is based on the evidence of three case studies, its conclusions are exploratory in nature.Academic Area:Cost Accounting & Management Control
Las PYMES frente a las grandes empresas en los nuevo … GE2-112
In this technical note, the factors that spell an end to SMEs and all the ones that, as a counterpart, not only have allowed them to not disappear but have also encouraged their strengthening are analyzed. Specifically, strategic weapons of small businesses are studied.Academic Area:Entrepreneurship
Quantitative decision analysis MC021-021-I
This technical note introduces students to quantitative methods and modeling techniques to facilitate decision making. In order to learn how to apply scientific methods to help them choose the best possible strategy to reach their goal. Using an example, students are taught how to make a decision using expected values in order to transform non-controlled variables into a numeric value.
Various examples are given so that students can learn how to make decisions based on different levels of risk aversion.Academic Area:Operations & Supply Chain Management | Others
Basic statistical methods MC021-022-I
This document introduces students to basic statistical models using step-by-step examples. It takes a look at how we can go from having sample data to data of the population by using two methods: confidence intervals and hypothesis testing. Students are then given practical examples of how these methods can be used. They are taken through each problem step by step and learn how to solve them using Excel functions.
The examples cover cases like how to determine the optimal number of data in a sample and testing hypotheses for more than two means.Academic Area:Operations & Supply Chain Management | Others
Ross España, S.A. SI1-145
The firm Ross Spain S.A. was facing an automation challenge for the creation of quotes for their clients, due to the large amount of these that had been flooding in the previous months. To reduce the time spent on this task, the company thought of creating a spreadsheet that would allow the fast creation of quotes to match this growing demand.
This case contains the necessary information for the student to then dedicate time to the creation of the spreadsheet that the company needs, thus fine tuning their abilities with this powerful tool.Academic Area:Information Systems & Technologies