Economic Environment

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  1. DIRIGIENDO EMPRESAS EN ENTORNO GLOBALES. INTRODUCCIÓ … EC2-113

    This technical note is introductory to a course on the economic environment of businesses. It provides an overview of the main problems of the economic environment, some explanatory ideas and models and a first glance at the main macroeconomic issues: growth and the cycle, unemployment, inflation, public deficit and structural deficit. Some ideas on government intervention in the economy and the global economic environment are also presented.

    In the second part, the characteristics of the main models that are used in the analysis of the economic environment of businesses are presented and the main indicators of economic output are defined: income, expenditure, prices and population. We will start from the circular flow of income model, the version that distinguishes the goods market from the factory one as well as the macroeconomic adaptation that identifies the moment of expenditure, output and income. After defining the main variables, the various models that are usually used are briefly reviewed. Some concepts on the analysis of the datasets are provided before. At the end, a number of important clarifications are explained to avoid different economic concepts from being misunderstood.

    On the last pages, an overview of building the aggregate supply and aggregate demand model is provided. We will use it as the basis for understanding how the economy works as a whole.

    This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-001 "Entorno Económico: Dirigiendo Empresas en la Economía Global" and EC2-002 "Indicadores Económicos y Análisis de Coyuntura" that are no longer available.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  2. QE Liquidity in search of profitability: the dilemma … EC1-135-I

    This case seeks two purposes. First, illustrating the relevance of the economic environment for determining business profitability. Second, putting in practice students acquired macroeconomic analytical skills by using them to support a real life financial investment decision. The students are asked to endorse one of two options, US or Brazil, for the launching of a new investment fund by FTInvest, a financial investment company. The recommendation is made by students acting as members of the Economic Research Department of the company. Therefore, it should be based on the country identified by them as providing the most favorable economic environment for the profitability of the investment in the medium/long run. The decision takes place in the second half of 2011, at a time when the US economy showed a hesitant recovery after the Great Global Recession of 2008 and when the Brazilian economy was booming after a very short blip. It was also at a time when, due to ultra-loose US monetary policy, interest rates and yields were at historical lows in the US while they were relatively high in Brazil.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment | Finance
  3. A Rose by any other name? Socially conscious investm … EC1-133-I

    Private enterprise often financed by foreign capital is the most direct and lasting route to economic development and poverty reduction for countries at the bottom of the pyramid. However those investments and economic development itself also have potentially large negative effects on society and the natural environment which may or may not outweight their benefits. If an outside investor is seeking to be socially responsible while setting in motion the dynamics of development that would alleviate poverty how should it juggle these issues? This case presents the situation of a socially conscious private investment firm which is deciding whether to invest in a rose farm in Ethiopia.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  4. The Housing Market in Spain EC1-138-I-M

    Have house prices stopped falling? What is their natural resting place? The Housing Market in Spain provides a framework for analyzing and predicting house prices. The case study focusses on Spain, however, the analysis can be extrapolated to other countries. Students are presented with different information across six steps. In each step they must make a prediction, modifying their previous decision according to their analysis of the new information. The case takes a look at such topics as speculative bubbles, income trends, disposable income and income elasticity of demand.

    A dedicated professor’s page, designed to be shown in the class session, allows for a full analysis of decisions in each of the steps. As well as seeing the tendency of the predictions for the whole class, the professor can highlight a specific student’s analysis and use this to encourage class discussion.

    * This material will have personalized links for each student and the professor will have the ability to see individual and aggregate responses before and during the class session.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  5. Ethiopia: Life at the base of the pyramid EC1-132-I-M

    This multimedia case tells the story of three groups of IE International MBA students who embarked on volunteer and research projects in Ethiopia. The first phase involved students staying and working in an NGO in Dilla whilst researching the three pillars of poverty: health nutrition and education. The second stage will look at the opportunities to do business in Ethiopia and the final phase plans to focus on attracting foreign investment to the country.

    The students' experiences are brought to life through images and video interviews. The conclusion section for the first phase considers whether NGOs can solve the problems in Ethiopia and possible solutions to the poverty trap.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  6. Providing quality health care under budget constrain … EC1-131-I

    Minister of Health Vicent Cremades finds himself faced with the daunting task of meeting rising health care needs with reduced funding from the government in Spain’s coastal autonomous community of Valencia. With a population of over five million with 17.5% aged over 65, hospitals were already at capacity and in need of improvements. Forced to find solutions, Cremades considers the private sector as a solution to provide part or all of the health care services needed. In this case, students will look into PPPs (Public-Private Partnerships) as a potential solution to this dilemma and decide which model would best suit the particular needs of the Valencian people.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  7. Current Topics in Economic Policy EC2-112-I

    This note provides an exhaustive review of economic policy and is broken into six parts that explain historical, conceptual and economic policy elements necessary for understanding the current state of the global economy. It begins by covering a historical review of world policy and goes into detail about how the economy of various countries has developed, especially after the Second World War. The second part covers fiscal policy and focuses on aspects of public sector activity such as taxation, budget and deficit financing as well as recessions, how they affect different classes and how social suffering is distributed through fiscal and macroeconomic adjustments. The third part discusses how money affects economic activity and employment and the effects of expanding the money supply using historical examples. The next part provides details on the policies and events around the world leading to the Great Recession. Then, the economy of Latin America and its recessions are discussed, with a special focus on Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico and Chile. Lastly, the text goes into exchange rate policy and describes different regimes and how the regime is selected for different countries.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  8. The Logistics of the Roman Grain Trade: Details and … AH1-002-I

    Goes over the logistics of the Roman grain trade in a language that is accessible to the non-specialist. It explains how grain was transported across the Roman Empire and covers the challenges of doing this. It also explains who the key people were who played a role in the grain trade and how it was financed. It is intended to uncover many of the managerial difficulties implied in such a task back then and what it means for management nowadays.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Economic Environment | Operations & Supply Chain Management | Others
  9. African Parks: An NGO in action saving Africa´s wild … EC1-127-I

    This case focuses on one of the thorniest problems of the 21st century, which is how to save wilderness and ecosystems at a time when the countries where they are concentrated in are immersed in a rapid development process and resource hunger around the world is stronger than ever. The NGO that is analyzed in the case, a South African-based NGO called African Parks, has developed an innovative approach to preserving natural spaces and species that combines private, charitable finance and efficient private management with local government cooperation. African Parks now spans seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa and sees its task as preserving the iconic ecosystems of the continent from destruction. The case poses critical questions about: how to solve the “tragedy of the commons” while promoting local development; how private managers can address social issues, especially through the PPP (Public-Private Partnership) formula; and how the unique traits of NGOs make them ideal partners to tackle problems that the free market does not easily solve, in cooperation with governments and the private sector.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
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