Search results for: 'Public'
LA DEMANDA AGREGADA Y LA POLÍTICA FISCAL EC2-114
Explains the model of aggregate demand, fiscal policy, income, expenditures and production.
It offers a simplistic model to determine production and income. The technical note assumes the learner understands the circular flow diagram and basic macroeconomic identities. The model is created starting from aggregate demand and considers families' consumption and investment of the private sector. Then introduces the public sector, along with some concepts of fiscal policy. It ends with the foreign sector and its implications for income.
This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-003 "Los Componentes de la Demanda Agregada y la Renta de Equilibrio" and EC2-015 that are no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
LA OFERTA Y LA DEMANDA AGREGADAS EC2-118
Offers the full model of aggregate supply and demand, starting with an economy of four sectors (families, companies, public sector and foreign sector) and three markets (commodities, assets and labor). Explains current economic issues like hyperinflation with unemployment and effects of different policies to attack them. It closes with a differentiation between classic and Keynesian policies.
This technical note substitutes the previous one EC2-010 "El Modelo de Oferta y Demanda Agregadas" that is no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
DIRIGIENDO EMPRESAS EN ENTORNO GLOBALES. INTRODUCCIÓ … EC2-113
This technical note is introductory to a course on the economic environment of businesses. It provides an overview of the main problems of the economic environment, some explanatory ideas and models and a first glance at the main macroeconomic issues: growth and the cycle, unemployment, inflation, public deficit and structural deficit. Some ideas on government intervention in the economy and the global economic environment are also presented.
In the second part, the characteristics of the main models that are used in the analysis of the economic environment of businesses are presented and the main indicators of economic output are defined: income, expenditure, prices and population. We will start from the circular flow of income model, the version that distinguishes the goods market from the factory one as well as the macroeconomic adaptation that identifies the moment of expenditure, output and income. After defining the main variables, the various models that are usually used are briefly reviewed. Some concepts on the analysis of the datasets are provided before. At the end, a number of important clarifications are explained to avoid different economic concepts from being misunderstood.
On the last pages, an overview of building the aggregate supply and aggregate demand model is provided. We will use it as the basis for understanding how the economy works as a whole.
This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-001 "Entorno Económico: Dirigiendo Empresas en la Economía Global" and EC2-002 "Indicadores Económicos y Análisis de Coyuntura" that are no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
PARO, INFLACIÓN, DÉFICITS, COMPETITIVIDAD Y LARGO PL … EC2-119
Explains the issues of the economic environment: unemployment, inflation, economic cycle, public and trade deficits and competitiveness. Also goes into some ideas about global financial crises, models used to exit them and some implications of the "new economy".
This technical note substitutes the previous one EC2-011 "Inflación, Paro, Competitividad y el Largo Plazo" that is no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
Current Topics in Economic Policy EC2-112-I
This note provides an exhaustive review of economic policy and is broken into six parts that explain historical, conceptual and economic policy elements necessary for understanding the current state of the global economy. It begins by covering a historical review of world policy and goes into detail about how the economy of various countries has developed, especially after the Second World War. The second part covers fiscal policy and focuses on aspects of public sector activity such as taxation, budget and deficit financing as well as recessions, how they affect different classes and how social suffering is distributed through fiscal and macroeconomic adjustments. The third part discusses how money affects economic activity and employment and the effects of expanding the money supply using historical examples. The next part provides details on the policies and events around the world leading to the Great Recession. Then, the economy of Latin America and its recessions are discussed, with a special focus on Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico and Chile. Lastly, the text goes into exchange rate policy and describes different regimes and how the regime is selected for different countries.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE CREDIT CRUNCH EC2-107-I
This technical note explores how financial cycles repeat themselves over the course of history. We must be able to identify the patterns defining these cycles to understand the credit crisis the world has been facing since the summer of 2007. Students explore the causes of the credit crunch by putting themselves in the shoes of key players and deciding how they would have responded to certain dilemmas.
The technical note also explains other key causes of the crisis, why agencies classed issues as AA when they were riskier, why the crisis hit Europe so hard, economic policies that should be used to combat the crisis, and the solvency of the Spanish financial system at the time the case was written.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
DESPERDICIOS EN LA INDUSTRIA: CARACTERIZACIÓN Y PROG … DO2-126
Waste is a growing concern for many businesses in all types of industries.
This technical note takes a look at the types of waste Ohno identified while improving Toyota’s production system, including waste arising from surplus production, waste caused by waiting time, waste brought about by faulty units, waste arising from excess inventory, waste due to unnecessary movement, waste due to unnecessary processes and waste caused by excessive transport. This material also explains the different methods to avoid them and eliminate them.Academic Area:Operations & Supply Chain Management