Search results for: 'Mercado Financiero'
Volatilidad y Pérdida Máxima de un Producto Financie … DF2-243
This technical note explains concepts such as market efficiency, that is central to understand how to measure risk. It also talks about arbitration and volatility, which is particularly useful for the estimation of maximum loss when investing in financial products.Academic Area:Finance
Tipología básica de productos financieros DF2-236
This technical note explains the different types of financial products available. It then takes a deeper dive into the main types of financial products: assets such as properties, shares, bonds, loans, currency and merchandise; and derivatives such as forwards, options and swaps.
Due to the variety of financial products, they are classified between complex and non-complex products. It also considers the fact that these instruments are negotiated in organized and non-organized markets. Finally it explains the three types of market operators: speculative, hedges and arbitration.Academic Area:Finance
Liquidez en mercados financieros: derivados sobre me … DF2-237
This technical note starts with explanations and examples of the liquidity in financial markets, along with pros and cons. This helps further the understanding of derivative products. It goes as well into futures and options for goods, including buying and selling strategies and the risks involved. About futures, it delves into its main characteristics, liquidity and shows the potential consequences of a halt in the futures market. It also gives an overview of the concepts of contango and backwardation.Academic Area:Finance
Renta Fija Soberana DF2-234
This technical note explains sovereign bonds. It consists of debt incurred by states, and hence is credit-risk free. However, it is not free of others such as market and liquidity risks. It also goes into the different types of sovereign bonds, starting with treasuries and bonds. Likewise it covers related concepts and other concepts like inflation bonds and segregable coupons.Academic Area:Finance
POLÍTICA FISCAL Y MONETARIA Y MOVILIDAD DE CAPITALES … EC2-117
Analyzes the relationship between the commodity and financial asset markets, going deep into the effect of monetary and fiscal policies separately, as well as the consequences of their simultaneous application. The second section goes into the interest rates between countries and the system of foreign exchange, whether fixed or flexible. It ends with an explanation of the risk premium of several countries.
This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-008 "Los Mercados de Bienes y Activos: Las Políticas Fiscal y Monetaria" and EC2-009 "Las Políticas Fiscal y Monetaria en Economías Abiertas con Movimientos de Capitales" that are no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
BALANZA DE PAGOS, MERCADO DE DIVISAS Y COMPETITIVIDA … EC2-115
This note details several details surrounding the foreign sector of the economy. It analyzes trade and current accounts, forex markets, trade policy, competitiveness and several theories about international trade. It also explains the reasons why countries trade, instruments of trade policy and what does being competitive mean.
This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-004 "El Equilibrio de la Balanza de Pagos y su Significado Económico" and EC2-005 "El Mercado de Divisas y el Tipo de Cambio" that are no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
DINERO, BANCOS Y POLÍTICA MONETARIA EC2-116
This note is about the workings of the assets market, the different types of assets and focusing on money, the role of commercial and central banks. It analyzes the assets and money markets and their influence over monetary policy and interest rates. Finally it explains the different models of monetary policy, the types of financial markets and the stock-market indicators.
This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-006 "El Sistema Financiero y la Creación de Dinero" and EC2-007 "El Mercado de Activos" that are no longer available.Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs
Dividends are the money that is paid to shareholders of a company out of its profits. Dividends can be paid in cash, shares or in kind.
Nowadays, the shareholders understand that the profits that are not distributed in dividends are reinvested in the company for a profitability that is greater than they would obtain in fixed rent. However, it is important to remember that dividends are also signaling markets and some companies, even if just for looking good, pay dividends on a regular basis.Academic Area:Finance
Japón 2010: Los años perdidos EC1-122
This case takes a look at the events that led up to the bursting of Japan’s stock-market bubble in 2010. It begins by describing the economic situation in Japan in the 1980s at the start of the crisis, delving into the appreciation of the yen, loss of competitiveness, low interest rates, the over-valuation of the stock market leading to inflation and the upward trend in the unemployment rate. It emphasizes that there were twenty years of poor political leadership where the political party changed frequently. The case outlines the government in Japan during the nineties and includes a detailed description of how each prime minister’s actions affected the economy. Then in 2001, seeking economic recovery, Koizumi’s government launched a comprehensive plan of reforms based on solving the problem of bad debts, establishing a stable financial system and defining seven programs of structural reform. When Koizumi left office, the economic situation was unstable and between 2006 and 2009, up to three different prime ministers occupied the post. Between 2007 and 2009, stimulus packages implemented by the government caused public debt as a percentage of Japan’s GDP to increase nearly 55 percent. This led the Bank of Japan to take emergency measures. In 2009, Hatoyama came into power, ending the Koizumi era. The government then had their chance to put an end to the “lost years.”Academic Area:Economic Environment & Public Affairs