Cost or Expense? CG2-124-I-M
Cost or Expense? is an interactive technical note with the overriding objective of clarifying the concepts of costs and expenses in a company. The documentation is based around a decision-making diagram which attempts to structure the classification process.
An exercise section is included in which students can test their knowledge classifying elements for different types of companies. The material also includes a game where the student competes against the clock.Academic Area:Cost Accounting & Management Control
Anthony Research CG1-104-I-M
An interactive exercise which encourages students to explore alternative designs for a job cost system. After studying the current cost system of a company students will simulate alternative approaches and monitor the effects on costs and profits. The material is based around four exercises:
- cost behavior and the classification of costs
- job cost systems
- tracing of additional costs
- alternative allocation bases
Through a series of questions (with feedback) students are encouraged to explore tracing different costs and allocation bases to make comparisons.Academic Area:Cost Accounting & Management Control
Management control and national culture in Spain: A … CG2-026-i
The social, political and economic evolution of Spain in the last decades has favored a fast process of adoption of MAS (Management Accounting Systems). However, this evolution has pushed it through a number of condensed growth phases for which other Western countries had considerable more time available.
Particularly, two different periods can be considered as relevant to understand the increasing importance of MAS. Firstly, the period from 1939-1975 and secondly, the period from 1975-1995. Up until the mid-1970s a sheltered economy and a dictatorship made MAS not relevant for management purposes in Spanish organizations. Instead of this, a strong social control combined with non-formal organizational mechanisms of control prevailed. However, in the last two decades, as a result of a decreasing profitability and the weakening of the previous coercive mechanisms of social control, MAS have been increasing their importance in a large number of Spanish organizations. The improvement of economic conditions during the period 1985-90, the entry of foreign multinationals and the profound social changes have helped to institutionalize MAS.
Based on a previous essay (Amat, 1992) which is further developed, this article explores the interactions between MAS and their organizational and social context in Spanish firms through the description and analysis of three companies. Since the analysis suggested in this technical note is based on the evidence of three case studies, its conclusions are exploratory in nature.Academic Area:Cost Accounting & Management Control