Innovation

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  1. Valuation & Accounting: You can't have one … CF1-126-B-I

    Theresa has been hired for her first job as a junior equity research analyst in an investment bank. The first assignment that her boss gives her is to help with the coverage of the oil sector. She uses a Top-down approach in the sector analysis looking at macro, sector and then company specific issues. Theresa has to decide which will be the best company to include in the model portfolio from a selection of European and American companies. To make this decision, Theresa needs to compare the financial ratios of the different companies, paying special attention to inventory ratios, which are key to the sector. Furthermore, the oil sector recently experienced an unexpected and sharp fall in the Brent price that is impacting the financial reports of the companies and their stock prices. During a coffee break, she saw a senior analyst named Bruno. They talked about her report and he warned her to check that the ratios are comparable. The case ends with Theresa recalculating her numbers and being surprised by the results.

    This case is intended for master level degrees. The case "The Oil Sector: The importance of inventory ratios" is similar, but intended for undergraduates, if that's your target.

    Academic Area:
    Financial Accounting | Cost Accounting & Management Control
  2. El Control de Gestión Estratégico: Planificación Est … CG2-131

    Positive past results are less and less likely to produce positive results in the future. The success of a firm stands in its capacity to adapt to the environment at any given time and situation.

    As a consequence, the role of management control has changed significantly and continues to do so. Faced with the, basically financial, management control of the 80s and 90s, it has evolved to become more strategic, and capable of answering to a firms current capacity to generate revenue. This will be achieved only if we measure and control the selected strategic path, and depends also on the capability to constantly reframe that path, through constant and adaptive strategic planning for every moment and situation.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  3. Pedro Gandara CO1-278-I

    Pedro, a young industrial engineer, had just earned his MBA and landed a job at Innovaciones Metalúrgicas S.A., a top engineering consulting firm. His manager Marta, a very intelligent woman and an excellent manager, gave him the tasks of working alone on a difficult set of technical problems they were finding in nickel and tungsten alloys and to attend and contribute to the weekly coordination meetings to the best of his ability. Pedro ended up proposing four potential improvements to Marta in a span of nine months. Marta carefully analyzed each of his proposals. She rejected the first one on the basis of a number of excellent technical arguments. She also rejected the second one because it would be too rigid and time-consuming. Marta thought his third proposal could work but that it had some weaknesses that needed to be dealt with. For his fourth proposal, he decided to focus on something that was technical in nature since that was his expertise. But it wouldn’t work either. Since he had worked so hard on the proposals, he felt very discouraged and disappointed. One the one hand, he acknowledged that Marta was an excellent professional and knew that her decisions were fair. On the other hand, he was very upset because Marta never praised his efforts and focused on the weaknesses in his proposals without any positive feedback. Her managerial style was causing him to lose his enthusiasm and motivation and he was also upset with his colleagues for criticizing him. At the end of the case, Pedro must decide how to handle the situation.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Innovation
  4. Airbnb: Disrupting the hotel industry? DE1-217-I

    The case describes the creation and growth process of a company of the so called shared economy with a platform business model, which was potentially disruptive for the hotel industry. Using the setting of the Airbnb entry in Spain and the response of the hotel industry, the case looks in detail at the nature of the business model of a sharing economy firm and the challenges its advancement posed for the industry.

    The case provides insights into some of the different parts of Airbnb's business model: how it creates and captures value, how a company with fewer resources is able to compete and overcome its rivals and threaten a powerful industry, when the success of its business is based on the trust of its users because the company does not guarantee safety.

    This case helps us to understand the challenges that the growth of Airbnb poses for the hotel industry and reflect on the factors that made this business model so successful.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Entrepreneurship | Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  5. AirBnB: ¿Desestabilizando la industria hotelera? DE1-217

    The case describes the creation and growth process of a company of the so called shared economy with a platform business model, which was potentially disruptive for the hotel industry. Using the setting of the Airbnb entry in Spain and the response of the hotel industry, the case looks in detail at the nature of the business model of a sharing economy firm and the challenges its advancement posed for the industry.

    The case provides insights into some of the different parts of Airbnb's business model: how it creates and captures value, how a company with fewer resources is able to compete and overcome its rivals and threaten a powerful industry, when the success of its business is based on the trust of its users because the company does not guarantee safety.

    This case helps us to understand the challenges that the growth of Airbnb poses for the hotel industry and reflect on the factors that made this business model so successful.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Entrepreneurship | Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  6. El Hotel Terminus (A) CG1-130-A

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This case presents the opportunity to do a profitability analysis of Hotel Terminus, which after a general renovation has once again opened its doors to guests. This analysis is motivated by poor results, that even though they were planned to be in red numbers, the losses are larger than expected. The hotel offers three distinct services: accommodation, restaurant and entertainment (flamenco).

    For the writing of this case, several bits of data have been modified to protect the identity of the company.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  7. The Terminus Hotel (B) CG1-130-B-I

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This part B analyzes a particular situation related to a couple of tour operators that propose to the hotel a regular booking of rooms per day, however at a discounted cost. This possibility was refused because of a recommendation of the accounting department, together with a later proposal with similar terms, though with a lesser discount. This short case offers information on fixed and variable costs and more information to analyze why management took this position so that the student can analyze it to agree or disagree on it.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  8. El Hotel Terminus (B) CG1-130-B

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This part B analyzes a particular situation related to a couple of tour operators that propose to the hotel a regular booking of rooms per day, however at a discounted cost. This possibility was refused because of a recommendation of the accounting department, together with a later proposal with similar terms, though with a lesser discount. This short case offers information on fixed and variable costs and more information to analyze why management took this position so that the student can analyze it to agree or disagree on it.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
  9. The Terminus Hotel (A) CG1-130-A-I

    The “Terminus” Hotel, a 200-room facility, is located within the city walls of one of the most impressive medieval towns in Southern Europe. As consequence of poor management and old-fashioned interior design, the Hotel experienced slumping demand since 2001. In 2004, the Hotel was on the brink of bankruptcy.  In a sudden, these dark prospects turned into hopeful ones; the Hotel was located on a historic building and the regional authorities approached Mr. Leo D. Marcial, chair of the Chamber of Commerce, to mobilize local entrepreneurs in order to take over hotel ownership. 

    This case presents the opportunity to do a profitability analysis of Hotel Terminus, which after a general renovation has once again opened its doors to guests. This analysis is motivated by poor results, that even though they were planned to be in red numbers, the losses are larger than expected. The hotel offers three distinct services: accommodation, restaurant and entertainment (flamenco).

    For the writing of this case, several bits of data have been modified to protect the identity of the company.

    Academic Area:
    Cost Accounting & Management Control
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