Marketing & Communications

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  1. Marketing programático MK2-150

    Programmatic marketing allows the user to be impacted at an exact moment and in a specific context in such a way that this impact occurring is conditional on something happening and in milliseconds. By being marketing automation, there is technology behind it.

    The term covers a wide range of technologies that allow the purchase process, ad placement and advertising optimization to be automated.

    Because advertisers now have more information about users (pages they visit, articles they search for, what they share on their social networks, etc.), they can address them with messages more accurately than ever.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  2. KPI y métricas según canal y objetivo de negocio MK2-148

    It is important to distinguish concepts that are sometimes confused and are different things: data, metrics and KPIs. In this material, these three concepts and their most relevant uses are studied.

    Data are cold figures. Data collection generates information in the form of metrics. And the most relevant metrics that allow taking stock of businesses are KPIs (key performance indicators).

    Dashboards usually collect these KPIs and all the information elements needed to facilitate decision making. They are very important in management and aim to review the most relevant business information at a glance.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  3. Claves de la Customer Centricity MK2-145

    This document analyzes the conceptualization, customer centricity variables and variables that measure it in a company, it helps to evaluate if a company has customer orientation and learn what to do to reinforce it.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  4. The Oil Sector: The importance of inventory ratios CF1-126-A-I

    Theresa has been hired for her first job as a junior equity research analyst in an investment bank. The first assignment that her boss gives her is to help with the coverage of the oil sector. She uses a Top-down approach in the sector analysis looking at macro, sector and then company specific issues. Theresa has to decide which will be the best company to include in the model portfolio from a selection of European and American companies. To make this decision, Theresa needs to compare the financial ratios of the different companies, paying special attention to inventory ratios, which are key to the sector. Furthermore, the oil sector recently experienced an unexpected and sharp fall in the Brent price that is impacting the financial reports of the companies and their stock prices. During a coffee break, she saw a senior analyst named Bruno. They talked about her report and he warned her to check that the ratios are comparable. The case ends with Theresa recalculating her numbers and being surprised by the results.

    This case is intended for undergraduates. The case "Valuation & Accounting: You can't have one without the other" is similar, but intended for master degrees, if that is your target.

    Academic Area:
    Financial Accounting | Cost Accounting & Management Control
  5. Valuation & Accounting: You can't have one … CF1-126-B-I

    Theresa has been hired for her first job as a junior equity research analyst in an investment bank. The first assignment that her boss gives her is to help with the coverage of the oil sector. She uses a Top-down approach in the sector analysis looking at macro, sector and then company specific issues. Theresa has to decide which will be the best company to include in the model portfolio from a selection of European and American companies. To make this decision, Theresa needs to compare the financial ratios of the different companies, paying special attention to inventory ratios, which are key to the sector. Furthermore, the oil sector recently experienced an unexpected and sharp fall in the Brent price that is impacting the financial reports of the companies and their stock prices. During a coffee break, she saw a senior analyst named Bruno. They talked about her report and he warned her to check that the ratios are comparable. The case ends with Theresa recalculating her numbers and being surprised by the results.

    This case is intended for master level degrees. The case "The Oil Sector: The importance of inventory ratios" is similar, but intended for undergraduates, if that's your target.

    Academic Area:
    Financial Accounting | Cost Accounting & Management Control
  6. Estrategia de producto: conceptos, tipologías herram … MK2-106

    This note introduces readers to concepts about products. It explains various definitions of what a product is, emphasizing that products are not what the producer wants them to be but how the consumer perceives them. It looks at the value hierarchy for the customer and the levels of the product (core benefit, generic product, expected product, augmented product and potential product) and then goes on to explain its physical and psychological attributes. Next, it delves into the brand emphasizing that it is one of the key elements of the commercial strategy used for products and a valuable strategic asset and then takes a look at the brand identity. Using Nike as a practical example, it introduces readers to the hierarchy of benefits and how to use the brand’s attributes to identify the final identity of the brand. It describes the differences between consumer goods, industrial goods and services and also talks about how to manage a portfolio of products using Procter & Gamble and Pantene as an example. Then it describes the stages of the product market life cycle and how it is essential for any company that wishes to remain profitable over the long term to develop new products. Looking at the Ansoff Matrix, readers are introduced to four different strategies regarding products and markets. Lastly, the note explains the BCG growth/relative market share matrix to show how to determine the strategic situation of a company’s products/markets and the AC matrix to determine the attractiveness and competitiveness of a market.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  7. Positioning: a key factor in marketing strategy MK2-105-I

    The technical note explains the importance of the positioning strategy of the brands within the general marketing strategy of a product or a company. It also describes and analyzes the positioning as a phase in the Marketing process, the advantages of a good positioning and the common mistakes marketers run into when positioning a brand. It emphasizes segmentation as a tool for the positioning strategy.

    This material is details the process of development of the positioning and its phases. It explains stages of market definition, market segmentation, reasons for segmenting or not segmenting, segmentation criteria and differentiation.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  8. Política de distribución (I) MK2-110

    This note explains the concepts and basic functions of the distribution phase of a company, as well as the possible channels to utilize for such phase. It also goes into the relationship that develops between manufacturer and distribution companies.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  9. Comportamiento de compra de los consumidores MK2-107

    This document summarizes the concepts and basic processes involved in consumer behavior, emphasizing how understanding consumers' needs benefits both consumers and marketers. Understanding consumer behavior can allow companies to develop a commercial strategy that is better matched to consumers, which will increase demand and optimize the means to generate that demand. Some of the main challenges are the variability of behavior, its changing nature, and the complexities of studying it. The note delves into how consumer behavior can be studied in a systematic and precise way by using a wide range of theoretical approaches and models and how it can be affected by factors such as environmental influences (economic, political, technological and cultural context) and marketing actions. The document outlines the various psychological factors involved in decision-making (personality, lifestyles, beliefs and attitudes, motivation, perception and learning) as well as the non-psychological ones (age, sex, location, etc.) which allow the marketer to better understand the consumers’ buying habits. It explains the basic decision-making model in depth and how consumers’ behaviors can play an active role in generating value for the company or the opposite thanks to undesired behaviors such as boycotts, complaints and negative word of mouth. It wraps up by describing how to move consumers from habit buying to decision making.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
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