Marketing & Communications

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  1. Product strategy: portfolio management concepts, typ … MK2-106-I

    This note introduces readers to concepts about products. It explains various definitions of what a product is, emphasizing that products are not what the producer wants them to be but how the consumer perceives them. It looks at the value hierarchy for the customer and the levels of the product (core benefit, generic product, expected product, augmented product and potential product) and then goes on to explain its physical and psychological attributes. Next, it delves into the brand emphasizing that it is one of the key elements of the commercial strategy used for products and a valuable strategic asset and then takes a look at the brand identity. Using Nike as a practical example, it introduces readers to the hierarchy of benefits and how to use the brand’s attributes to identify the final identity of the brand. It describes the differences between consumer goods, industrial goods and services and also talks about how to manage a portfolio of products using Procter & Gamble and Pantene as an example. Then it describes the stages of the product market life cycle and how it is essential for any company that wishes to remain profitable over the long term to develop new products. Looking at the Ansoff Matrix, readers are introduced to four different strategies regarding products and markets. Lastly, the note explains the BCG growth/relative market share matrix to show how to determine the strategic situation of a company’s products/markets and the AC matrix to determine the attractiveness and competitiveness of a market.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  2. Consumers' purchasing behavior MK2-107-I

    This document summarizes the concepts and basic processes involved in consumer behavior, emphasizing how understanding consumers' needs benefits both consumers and marketers. Understanding consumer behavior can allow companies to develop a commercial strategy that is better matched to consumers, which will increase demand and optimize the means to generate that demand. Some of the main challenges are the variability of behavior, its changing nature, and the complexities of studying it. The note delves into how consumer behavior can be studied in a systematic and precise way by using a wide range of theoretical approaches and models and how it can be affected by factors such as environmental influences (economic, political, technological and cultural context) and marketing actions. The document outlines the various psychological factors involved in decision-making (personality, lifestyles, beliefs and attitudes, motivation, perception and learning) as well as the non-psychological ones (age, sex, location, etc.) which allow the marketer to better understand the consumers’ buying habits. It explains the basic decision-making model in depth and how consumers’ behaviors can play an active role in generating value for the company or the opposite thanks to undesired behaviors such as boycotts, complaints and negative word of mouth. It wraps up by describing how to move consumers from habit buying to decision making.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  3. Pedro Gandara CO1-278-I

    Pedro, a young industrial engineer, had just earned his MBA and landed a job at Innovaciones Metalúrgicas S.A., a top engineering consulting firm. His manager Marta, a very intelligent woman and an excellent manager, gave him the tasks of working alone on a difficult set of technical problems they were finding in nickel and tungsten alloys and to attend and contribute to the weekly coordination meetings to the best of his ability. Pedro ended up proposing four potential improvements to Marta in a span of nine months. Marta carefully analyzed each of his proposals. She rejected the first one on the basis of a number of excellent technical arguments. She also rejected the second one because it would be too rigid and time-consuming. Marta thought his third proposal could work but that it had some weaknesses that needed to be dealt with. For his fourth proposal, he decided to focus on something that was technical in nature since that was his expertise. But it wouldn’t work either. Since he had worked so hard on the proposals, he felt very discouraged and disappointed. One the one hand, he acknowledged that Marta was an excellent professional and knew that her decisions were fair. On the other hand, he was very upset because Marta never praised his efforts and focused on the weaknesses in his proposals without any positive feedback. Her managerial style was causing him to lose his enthusiasm and motivation and he was also upset with his colleagues for criticizing him. At the end of the case, Pedro must decide how to handle the situation.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Innovation
  4. Asturian Pharmaceutical Company "CAF" CO1-271-I

    The case reflects on Pedro's situation, then C-level executive of the international pharmaceutical company CAF, when in 2015 he and the executive team realize the need to rethink their growth model and overall strategy. With 250 employees and 80 million Euros in revenue, the pride they felt for their success to this date couldn't keep them away from the certainty of needing to steer the wheel. They where considering several growth options that ranged from venturing into other medical specialties, to exporting their business model to other countries or even the possibility of using their factory to manufacture products to third parties. With all of this in mind, they also realized the need to grow their executive team, without still knowing how to face these new challenges.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour
  5. Airbnb: Disrupting the hotel industry? DE1-217-I

    The case describes the creation and growth process of a company of the so called shared economy with a platform business model, which was potentially disruptive for the hotel industry. Using the setting of the Airbnb entry in Spain and the response of the hotel industry, the case looks in detail at the nature of the business model of a sharing economy firm and the challenges its advancement posed for the industry.

    The case provides insights into some of the different parts of Airbnb's business model: how it creates and captures value, how a company with fewer resources is able to compete and overcome its rivals and threaten a powerful industry, when the success of its business is based on the trust of its users because the company does not guarantee safety.

    This case helps us to understand the challenges that the growth of Airbnb poses for the hotel industry and reflect on the factors that made this business model so successful.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Entrepreneurship | Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  6. ACB Endesa Sponsorship MK1-161-I

    Time is ticking for Endesa, an electrical company that sponsors the ACB (Spanish Basketball League), to decide whether to renew their sponsorship of the ACB or part ways. After a four year contract originally signed to help reposition the Endesa's brand, they cannot ignore that interest in their league is waning, many top Spanish players are drafted by the NBA, or ACB's inability to find a sustainable and profitable business model in the Is this the end of Endesa and ACB’s relationship or simply a short break?

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
  7. Leroy Merlin España (LME): A communication strategic … CO1-270-I

    In 2008, a leader in home improvement and decoration Leroy Merlin began a strategic approach to communication intended to reflect the transformation taking place in its business model to transition from the traditional brick and mortar retail model to an omnichannel model. This communication strategy allowed individual stores to not only continue with the company's strongest traditions but also give them a key role in identifying and developing projects while acting as leaders and spokespersons for the organization. At the heart of this approach is the idea that success or failure of a strategy ultimately lies in the people who will carry them out.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour
  8. HUAWEI Spain: Everybody Can Be A Dancer CM1-005-I

    This case study discusses Huawei's history and development in Spain. It analyses the telecom operator's origins and culture and the way it entered the Spanish market by focusing on bringing corporate communications in-line with the company's business strategy in order to create awareness, change the firm's image and construct a corporate reputation for its different interest groups. The case study also explains how Huawei's communications department developed as the business grew and illustrates how it overcame the west's prejudices about Asian companies.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Marketing & Communications | Others
  9. Fabric Softeners MK1-157-I-M

    This multimedia case has been developed as an interactive single-player simulation. It presents a real life situation of how to use market research in a business context; in the specific case of revenue growth through an increase in consumption. The case covers all the steps within market research; secondary data analysis, the actual design of the market research, and the development of the marketing plan. The case is closely based around a consumer goods giant, however the details of the company have been disguised.

    Through an interactive interface students will review the market research methodologies, analyze key qualitative insights and quantitative data; and more importantly experience first-hand the decision making process behind market research. All this under the intriguing framework of developing the Fabric Softener category in a number of developing countries (Mexico, Russia, Poland, Hungary, and The Philippines, among others).

    By working through this case study, students will learn about market research and at the same time have the opportunity to put into practice their knowledge. They will understand how to use the information obtained from the research to guide investment choices, both in terms of selection of countries as well as specific marketing and promotional activities.

    This simulation can be used as part of a marketing fundamentals course or in a more specialized market research course. It can be used in master programs such as MBA, Master in Management, Master in Marketing Research or degree/university level courses with students that have some previous knowledge in marketing issues and marketing research tools and methodologies. It can also be used in executive education programs.

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications
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