Economic Environment

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  1. DIRIGIENDO EMPRESAS EN ENTORNO GLOBALES. INTRODUCCIÓ … EC2-113

    This technical note is introductory to a course on the economic environment of businesses. It provides an overview of the main problems of the economic environment, some explanatory ideas and models and a first glance at the main macroeconomic issues: growth and the cycle, unemployment, inflation, public deficit and structural deficit. Some ideas on government intervention in the economy and the global economic environment are also presented.

    In the second part, the characteristics of the main models that are used in the analysis of the economic environment of businesses are presented and the main indicators of economic output are defined: income, expenditure, prices and population. We will start from the circular flow of income model, the version that distinguishes the goods market from the factory one as well as the macroeconomic adaptation that identifies the moment of expenditure, output and income. After defining the main variables, the various models that are usually used are briefly reviewed. Some concepts on the analysis of the datasets are provided before. At the end, a number of important clarifications are explained to avoid different economic concepts from being misunderstood.

    On the last pages, an overview of building the aggregate supply and aggregate demand model is provided. We will use it as the basis for understanding how the economy works as a whole.

    This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-001 "Entorno Económico: Dirigiendo Empresas en la Economía Global" and EC2-002 "Indicadores Económicos y Análisis de Coyuntura" that are no longer available.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  2. DINERO, BANCOS Y POLÍTICA MONETARIA EC2-116

    This note is about the workings of the assets market, the different types of assets and focusing on money, the role of commercial and central banks. It analyzes the assets and money markets and their influence over monetary policy and interest rates. Finally it explains the different models of monetary policy, the types of financial markets and the stock-market indicators.

    This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-006 "El Sistema Financiero y la Creación de Dinero" and EC2-007 "El Mercado de Activos" that are no longer available.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  3. PARO, INFLACIÓN, DÉFICITS, COMPETITIVIDAD Y LARGO PL … EC2-119

    Explains the issues of the economic environment: unemployment, inflation, economic cycle, public and trade deficits and competitiveness. Also goes into some ideas about global financial crises, models used to exit them and some implications of the "new economy".

    This technical note substitutes the previous one EC2-011 "Inflación, Paro, Competitividad y el Largo Plazo" that is no longer available.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  4. QE Liquidity in search of profitability: the dilemma … EC1-135-I

    This case seeks two purposes. First, illustrating the relevance of the economic environment for determining business profitability. Second, putting in practice students acquired macroeconomic analytical skills by using them to support a real life financial investment decision. The students are asked to endorse one of two options, US or Brazil, for the launching of a new investment fund by FTInvest, a financial investment company. The recommendation is made by students acting as members of the Economic Research Department of the company. Therefore, it should be based on the country identified by them as providing the most favorable economic environment for the profitability of the investment in the medium/long run. The decision takes place in the second half of 2011, at a time when the US economy showed a hesitant recovery after the Great Global Recession of 2008 and when the Brazilian economy was booming after a very short blip. It was also at a time when, due to ultra-loose US monetary policy, interest rates and yields were at historical lows in the US while they were relatively high in Brazil.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment | Finance
  5. Tradition-based innovation for strategic Change in B … DF1-216-I

    In 1993 Bank Muscat was among the smallest banks in the Sultanate of Oman but over the last decade has grown to be the largest with a 40% market share in 2013. This increase in terms of market relevance has been driven by both organic growth and external factors. In 2014 Franco Álvarez a foreign consultant is trying to help Bank Muscat build a comprehensive innovation model. His first step is focused on understanding the current state of innovation within the bank. The ´Ibda (Innovation) competition organized by the bank offers him a first glance of how internal innovation could be fostered in the bank.

    The case provides insight into the innovation process in the Middle Eastern financial sector, focusing on Bank Muscat in Oman. It describes how an international consultant tries to help create an innovative model for the bank by asking top management questions and delving into the bank’s strategy. Through the questions he asks, readers learn about the history of the bank, the business culture and banking industry in Oman and Islamic banking. They also hear about an Ibda competition that ends up being a big inspiration for innovation at the bank.

    Academic Area:
    Finance | Innovation
  6. Disruptive Innovation at BBVA SI1-147-I-M

    What happens when a multinational from another sector launches an innovative service which competes directly with your offerings? This material explains how BBVA reacted to the disruption of its micro-payment business caused by the entrance of large multinationals from outside the banking industry.

    The rapid acceptance of technologies by consumers offers an opportunity to meet a growing demand for new services. Many companies attracted by these business opportunities are placing greater importance on innovation pushing it to the forefront of their structure.

    Most commonly it is companies within the same sector that compete amongst one another to launch new services however sometimes the disruptive came from another sector which launches an innovative service which competes directly with your offerings. 

    This case has been designed for use in undergraduate, graduate (MBA programs and Masters in Management programs), Executive MBA, and executive education programs, and in courses such as Information Systems and Technology, Technology and Information Management, Digital Transformation, and Digital Innovation.

    Academic Area:
    Information Systems & Technologies | Innovation
  7. [Russian Version] Disruptive Innovation at BBVA SI1-147-R-M

    [Russian Version] 

    What happens when a multinational from another sector launches an innovative service which competes directly with your offerings? This material explains how BBVA reacted to the disruption of its micro-payment business caused by the entrance of large multinationals from outside the banking industry.

    The rapid acceptance of technologies by consumers offers an opportunity to meet a growing demand for new services. Many companies attracted by these business opportunities are placing greater importance on innovation pushing it to the forefront of their structure.

    Most commonly it is companies within the same sector that compete amongst one another to launch new services however sometimes the disruptive came from another sector which launches an innovative service which competes directly with your offerings. 

    This case has been designed for use in undergraduate, graduate (MBA programs and Masters in Management programs), Executive MBA, and executive education programs, and in courses such as Information Systems and Technology, Technology and Information Management, Digital Transformation, and Digital Innovation.

    Academic Area:
    Information Systems & Technologies | Innovation
  8. A Rose by any other name? Socially conscious investm … EC1-133-I

    Private enterprise often financed by foreign capital is the most direct and lasting route to economic development and poverty reduction for countries at the bottom of the pyramid. However those investments and economic development itself also have potentially large negative effects on society and the natural environment which may or may not outweight their benefits. If an outside investor is seeking to be socially responsible while setting in motion the dynamics of development that would alleviate poverty how should it juggle these issues? This case presents the situation of a socially conscious private investment firm which is deciding whether to invest in a rose farm in Ethiopia.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment
  9. Transformación Digital en Vocento SI1-146-M

    The trend of people reading on paper is decreasing whilst the trend for reading online is increasing. This multimedia case explains how Vocento reacted to the shift of consumers from traditional media to online media and the significant reduction in income that this initially brought about. It discusses how the company was able to solve this issue by analysing data from its users in order to better understand their habits. With this information Vocento was able to make business decisions that have positioned the company as a leader in the field of online communication. The multimedia case separates the analysis of this experience into five stages from the initial detection of the problem through to finding a solution and measuring the impact on the business.

    This case has been designed to be used in undergraduate, graduate (MBA programs and Master in Management programs), Executive MBA and executive education, in courses such as Information Systems and Technology, Technology and Information Management, Digital Transformation, and Digital Innovation.

    Academic Area:
    Information Systems & Technologies | Innovation
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