Economic Environment & Public Affairs

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  1. Ethiopia: Doing business at the bottom of the pyrami … EC1-139-I-M

    What is it like to live and do business at the base of the pyramid? This multimedia is the second part in a series of reports from students who have spent time living, working and volunteering in Ethiopia.

    This installment focuses on the different types of businesses that exist and operate in the East African country and begins to explore both the opportunities and challenges that business owners face. Here we display the first-hand accounts from those who have spent time in large and small companies and can relay the challenges of doing business in the bottom of the pyramid.

    The students´ experiences are brought to life through images and video interviews. The conclusion posing the ultimate question: Can money be made doing business at the bottom of the pyramid?

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment & Public Affairs
  2. Técnicas de innovación MK2-144

    This learning material describes the method that is necessary for the process of innovation of a brand. From the attitude and inspiration to the sophistication of the message to influence the perception of who receives it. 

    Academic Area:
    Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  3. Jordan's Sovereign Sukuk: A dual solution to bo … DF1-221-I

    The Sukuk sector is the fastest growing sector of the Islamic Finance Industry. Indeed, it grew by 14% within just one year (between 2014 and 2015). The total outstanding Sukuk globally stood at US$ 342 billion at the end of 2015. Sukuk has been widely embraced globally as Sovereign Sukuk has been issued by various countries such as UK, Malaysia, Hong-Kong and South Africa. Supranational entities such as World Bank affiliates International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFI), the Islamic Development Bank Group and even companies such as Dubai Islamic Bank, Goldman Sachs and Zorly Energy have all issued Sukuk.

    The Jordan Sovereign Sukuk transaction was the pioneer Sovereign Sukuk issuance by the country. Jordan, which is one of ICD’s member countries, has been very active for the past couple of years in terms of Islamic Finance regulations and framework given that it has four Islamic banks in operation in Jordan and passed the Islamic Finance Sukuk Law in 2012.

    Academic Area:
    Finance | Innovation
  4. Country Investment Decision EC2-103-I-M

    Country Investment Decision is an interactive exercise in which students adopt the role of an International Fund Advisor. Students must study the data available about different countries in order to prioritize the investment options and make a final investment proposal.

    The exercise is designed so that different data sets of real countries are firstly considered individually before all the data together is taken into account to make a final proposal. The topics covered are economic indicator data, institutional data, and finally social and political risk data. At each decision stage, the student must justify their choices. A professor’s page displays graphically the evolution of decisions.

    * This material will have personalized links for each student and the professor will have the ability to see individual and aggregate responses before and during the class session.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment & Public Affairs
  5. Country Investment Decision EC2-103-M

    Country Investment Decision is an interactive exercise in which students adopt the role of an International Fund Advisor. Students must study the data available about different countries in order to prioritize the investment options and make a final investment proposal.

    The exercise is designed so that different data sets of real countries are firstly considered individually before all the data together is taken into account to make a final proposal. The topics covered are economic indicator data, institutional data, and finally social and political risk data. At each decision stage, the student must justify their choices. A professor’s page displays graphically the evolution of decisions.

    * This material will have personalized links for each student and the professor will have the ability to see individual and aggregate responses before and during the class session.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment & Public Affairs
  6. Pedro Gandara CO1-278-I

    Pedro, a young industrial engineer, had just earned his MBA and landed a job at Innovaciones Metalúrgicas S.A., a top engineering consulting firm. His manager Marta, a very intelligent woman and an excellent manager, gave him the tasks of working alone on a difficult set of technical problems they were finding in nickel and tungsten alloys and to attend and contribute to the weekly coordination meetings to the best of his ability. Pedro ended up proposing four potential improvements to Marta in a span of nine months. Marta carefully analyzed each of his proposals. She rejected the first one on the basis of a number of excellent technical arguments. She also rejected the second one because it would be too rigid and time-consuming. Marta thought his third proposal could work but that it had some weaknesses that needed to be dealt with. For his fourth proposal, he decided to focus on something that was technical in nature since that was his expertise. But it wouldn’t work either. Since he had worked so hard on the proposals, he felt very discouraged and disappointed. One the one hand, he acknowledged that Marta was an excellent professional and knew that her decisions were fair. On the other hand, he was very upset because Marta never praised his efforts and focused on the weaknesses in his proposals without any positive feedback. Her managerial style was causing him to lose his enthusiasm and motivation and he was also upset with his colleagues for criticizing him. At the end of the case, Pedro must decide how to handle the situation.

    Academic Area:
    Organisational Behaviour | Innovation
  7. Airbnb: Disrupting the hotel industry? DE1-217-I

    The case describes the creation and growth process of a company of the so called shared economy with a platform business model, which was potentially disruptive for the hotel industry. Using the setting of the Airbnb entry in Spain and the response of the hotel industry, the case looks in detail at the nature of the business model of a sharing economy firm and the challenges its advancement posed for the industry.

    The case provides insights into some of the different parts of Airbnb's business model: how it creates and captures value, how a company with fewer resources is able to compete and overcome its rivals and threaten a powerful industry, when the success of its business is based on the trust of its users because the company does not guarantee safety.

    This case helps us to understand the challenges that the growth of Airbnb poses for the hotel industry and reflect on the factors that made this business model so successful.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Entrepreneurship | Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  8. AirBnB: ¿Desestabilizando la industria hotelera? DE1-217

    The case describes the creation and growth process of a company of the so called shared economy with a platform business model, which was potentially disruptive for the hotel industry. Using the setting of the Airbnb entry in Spain and the response of the hotel industry, the case looks in detail at the nature of the business model of a sharing economy firm and the challenges its advancement posed for the industry.

    The case provides insights into some of the different parts of Airbnb's business model: how it creates and captures value, how a company with fewer resources is able to compete and overcome its rivals and threaten a powerful industry, when the success of its business is based on the trust of its users because the company does not guarantee safety.

    This case helps us to understand the challenges that the growth of Airbnb poses for the hotel industry and reflect on the factors that made this business model so successful.

    Academic Area:
    Strategy | Entrepreneurship | Marketing & Communications | Innovation
  9. DINERO, BANCOS Y POLÍTICA MONETARIA EC2-116

    This note is about the workings of the assets market, the different types of assets and focusing on money, the role of commercial and central banks. It analyzes the assets and money markets and their influence over monetary policy and interest rates. Finally it explains the different models of monetary policy, the types of financial markets and the stock-market indicators.

    This technical note substitutes the previous ones EC2-006 "El Sistema Financiero y la Creación de Dinero" and EC2-007 "El Mercado de Activos" that are no longer available.

    Academic Area:
    Economic Environment & Public Affairs
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