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  1. Coberturas de tipos de interés DF2-241

    This note explains the types of debt that create interest rate risk. It also presents the two main interest rate risk management tools: swaps and caps. It even goes into collars as the combination of caps and floors. The exotic risk management is also explained, as a way to mitigate interest rate risk. It finally explores the criteria used to design interest rate risk management strategies of several products.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  2. Liquidez en mercados financieros: derivados sobre me … DF2-237

    This technical note starts with explanations and examples of the liquidity in financial markets, along with pros and cons. This helps further the understanding of derivative products. It goes as well into futures and options for goods, including buying and selling strategies and the risks involved. About futures, it delves into its main characteristics, liquidity and shows the potential consequences of a halt in the futures market. It also gives an overview of the concepts of contango and backwardation.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  3. Fondos de Inversión DF2-239

    This technical note explains in full detail the investment funds. It also emphasizes that these are divided into complex and non-complex. It also goes into explanations around collective investment institutions, in charge of the management of the funds of its participants, and can be found as investment funds or societies.

    It finally goes into details of several forms of investment funds and how they invest, as well as the ratios of profitability and risk that they use.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  4. Tipología básica de productos financieros DF2-236

    This technical note explains the different types of financial products available. It then takes a deeper dive into the main types of financial products: assets such as properties, shares, bonds, loans, currency and merchandise; and derivatives such as forwards, options and swaps.

    Due to the variety of financial products, they are classified between complex and non-complex products. It also considers the fact that these instruments are negotiated in organized and non-organized markets. Finally it explains the three types of market operators: speculative, hedges and arbitration.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  5. Renta Fija Privada, Subordinada y Titulizaciones DF2-230

    This Technical Note references all the financial instruments of private equity.

    First, it illustrates the three main risks of these financial instruments: market risk, liquidity risk and credit risk. Additionally, it states which are the main products in the eyes of the Comisión Nacional Del Mercado de Valores (CNMV).

    Then it how, within the liabilities structure of a firm, there frequently exists a difference between senior and subordinate debt, where the main characteristic of the latter is that, faced with an asset reduction, it suffers a decrease in value after the capital but before the senior debt.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  6. Renta Fija Soberana DF2-234

    This technical note explains sovereign bonds. It consists of debt incurred by states, and hence is credit-risk free. However, it is not free of others such as market and liquidity risks. It also goes into the different types of sovereign bonds, starting with treasuries and bonds. Likewise it covers related concepts and other concepts like inflation bonds and segregable coupons.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  7. Derivados de tipo de cambio DF2-233

    This technical note starts with the notation used for currency exchange and goes further into methods to calculate it. Then it moves to explain the main difference between futures and options, and further into currency exchange derivatives, with their respective calls and puts. It also deals with buyer and seller tunnels, and exotic derivatives. 

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  8. Productos y Depósitos Estructurados DF2-232

    This technical note goes into the financial products known as "Structured", that are mainly notes, deposits and structured funds. This note is mainly focused on notes and deposits, that have a similar structure.

    On the other hand, explains that structured products and deposits are complex products, and have high risks for many reasons. First off, their liquidity is usually limited; their definition and the way they function are also not easy to explain and, finally, the valuation of these products usually requires mathematical and financial advanced knowledge.

    It also includes an exemplified explanation for bonds or deposit with a partial or total guarantee, exotic structured bonds and self cancelling bonds.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
  9. Operativa Bancaria Básica DF2-229

    En esta Nota Técnica se hace una breve introducción a la Operativa Bancaria Clásica o Tradicional.
    Primero, se explica el Mercado Interbancario, que es el ámbito donde se aplican los tipos de interés cobrados entre Bancos al financiarse.
    Adicionalmente, se muestran las fuentes básicas de ingreso de la banca, y las diferencias entre la estructura de contabilidad de una empresa no financiera y una financiera. Igualmente, se exponen los productos de Pasivo como Cuentas Corrientes, de Ahorro y Repo (Repurchase Agreement), así como también los productos de Activo como Préstamos, Factoring y Leasing. Otro tema de interés, es la forma en que las entidades financieras administran las inversiones de sus clientes, por medio de: Acciones, Bonos, Warrants/Opciones, Futuros, Contratos por Diferencias, Bonos Estructurados y Fondos de Inversión.
    Finalmente se exponen los productos de cobertura más sencillos que un Banco ofrece a sus clientes.

    Academic Area:
    Finance
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